What is titanium

Element 22 (English Titanium, French Titane, German Titan) Titanium is the 10th most abundant element in nature. Not found in free form. More than 100 titanium-containing minerals are known. The most important of them are rutile (TiO2), ilmenite (FeTiO3), titanomagnetite (FeTiO3 + Fe3O4), perovskite (CaTiO3), titanite (sphene - CaTiSiO5).

Titanium was discovered at the end of the 18th century. The name was given to the element in 1795 by Martin Klaproth in honour of the ancient Greek titans whose power according to legend was limitless. But to learn all the remarkable properties of the new metal and use them for their benefit, humanity took more than 150 years. The late appearance of titanium in human life is since it does not occur in nature in its pure state. Pure titanium was obtained (total a few kilograms only) only in the 40-s of XX century, and its industrial production began in 1957.


Titanium and its derivatives are characterized by a high melting point and electrical resistivity, super strength, corrosion resistance in air, water and chemically aggressive media, non-magnetic properties, and many other useful properties. Plus, titanium is very light - its specific gravity is 56% of the specific gravity of steel, it is biologically inert and well processed by pressure. All of the above has made titanium a versatile structural material that is widely used in high-tech industries.